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  Ethno Cultural Dictionary
[šad] шад
Old Turkic “šad//čad”> shad//chad. Researchers assume an origin of the word from the unknown Sogdian word “xsyd”. This word occurs in Old Turkic, Old Mongol root šat-//šit-//-«1. saty - the ladder to rise upwards, 2. The assistant, the authorized representative». In modern. Mong. «šidar> shadar» the vizier, the assistant. Thus, “shad” the third on steps of the authority representative, the most approached assistant of the kagan and yabgu. There are words: «törüt: yegirmi: yašïmqa: Tarduš: budun: öze: šad olurtum: - I was “Shad” over Tardush people when I was fourteen; inim Kültegin eki šad: birle: sözlešdimiz – I and my younger brother Kultegin, the two “Shads” came to negotiation» in the Bilge kagan inscriptions. It follows here that the Bilge kagan and his younger brother Kultegin once carried the title of “shad”.
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This word is found in following inscriptions
Бiлге қаған ғұрыптық кешені және бітіктасы
15

törüt: yegirmi: yašïmqa: Tarduš: budun: öze: šad olurtum: ečüm qaγan: birle: ilgerü: Yašïl ügüz: Šantuŋ: yazïqa tegi: süledimiz: qurïγaru: Temir: qapïγqa: tegi: süledimiz: Kögmen: аša: Qï/rqïz: jeriŋe: tegi: /süledimiz: /qamïγï: beš otuz: süledimiz: üč jegirmi: süŋüšdimiz: Еlligig: elsiretdimiz: qaγanlïγïγ: qaγansïratdïmïz: tizеligig:

When I was fourteen I became a šad over Tardush people. Together with my uncle, the kagan, we went on campaigns eastwards up to Green River (= Yellow River) and Shantung plain, and we went on campaigns westwards up to the Iron Gate, We went on campaigns up to the land of Kirgiz beyond the Kogmen (mountains). We went on campaigns twenty-five times in all and we fought thirteen times. We took the realm of those who had a realm, and we captured the kagan of those who had a kagan. We made
See also Old Turk and Kazak dictionary.
The basic idea of creating the electronic historical and cultural fund was based on issue of The Oriental Studies Section of The Institute of Oriental Studies named after Suleimenov in 2005 under the govermental program "Cultural Heritage": "Қазақстан тарихы туралы түркі деректемелері" сериясының 2-томы Н.Базылхан "Көне түрік бітіктастары мен ескерткіштері (Орхон, Енисей, Талас)" Алматы: Дайк-Пресс. 2005, 252 б. +144 бет жапсырма.
Chief Editors:
doctor of history sciences Prof. M.Abuseitova
doctor of philology sciences Prof. B.Bukhatuly.
We appreciate The Director of The Institute of Oriental Studies Meruert Abuseitova for her help.

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