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  Ethno Cultural Dictionary
[elteber] елтебер
The title is used by Uigurs, Qarluqs and Azes as "the high-ranking state person, the subordinate to the governor". S.M.Arsal considers this word as a military rank. This title was appropriated to commanders of Bairqu, Kyrgyzs, Tataby, Quns, Sogdas and Uigurs in confederation of Toguz-Oguz (the nine Oguzs), and also Volga bulgars which were subordinate of the Hazaria khanate. There is one Armenian source of second half of VІІ century containing a name “Alp Yltutuer” appropriated to the leader of North Caucasian huns, the vassal of Hazaria khanate. According to P.B.Golden the tradition of appointment the head of a tribe from sorts of governors were practiced among the western Turks and this tradition adhered to Hazars. Therefore, the named person quite could be a Hazar. A.Bombazhi researched using all known historical sources on the given problem. The short conclusion of his work is following: In days of blue Turks “iltebers” were dependent representatives of the authorities, their title was appointed by the kagan; there are no source, that juan-juans used this title; words “chi-li-fa”, “isieh-li-fa” in Chinese sources correspond to “ilteber” by phonetic and historical reasons; “iltebers” of Uigurs, Quns and Kyrgyzs mentioned as “ulug (senior) ilteber”, “ilteber” and “kul (rider) ilteber”, it is not known whether there are distinctions of these three ranks; It is known, that during the second empire of Blue Turks two ambassadors of China were accepted as “iltebers”.
V.Bang connects the etymology and meaning of the word “teber” to Mongolian "tabar-iku" (teber-ku) and in Manchurian “tebelien”, “tebeliemli”, “tebelieku”, and also, in the Kultegin inscription (KB 6) "tablig". J.Marguart explains “teber” as a rank “tabar”. There are researchers who deduce “teber” and “temir” (iron) from one root. P.Pelliot has divided as “teb-er” or “teb-ir”. L.Rasonyi considers “teber” from a root of “tep” (“tebu” - to kick). J.R.Hamilton explains as composite word (“el+teber”), “to have a power on people”.
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This word is found in following inscriptions
Бiлге қаған ғұрыптық кешені және бітіктасы
38

....Türük: budun: ač erti: ol jïlqïγ: alïp egitim: otuz artuqï: törüt: yašïma: Oγuz: tezip: Tabγačqa: kirti:ökünüp: süledim: suqïn: ...oγulïn: yotuzïn: anta altïm: eki Elteberig: budun: ...

…turkic people starved. I killed those horses. In thirty three years old, Oguzes surrendered to Tabgaches (Chinese). I fought with sorrow. I took then sons, wives. People of two Eltebers…
See also Old Turk and Kazak dictionary.
The basic idea of creating the electronic historical and cultural fund was based on issue of The Oriental Studies Section of The Institute of Oriental Studies named after Suleimenov in 2005 under the govermental program "Cultural Heritage": "Қазақстан тарихы туралы түркі деректемелері" сериясының 2-томы Н.Базылхан "Көне түрік бітіктастары мен ескерткіштері (Орхон, Енисей, Талас)" Алматы: Дайк-Пресс. 2005, 252 б. +144 бет жапсырма.
Chief Editors:
doctor of history sciences Prof. M.Abuseitova
doctor of philology sciences Prof. B.Bukhatuly.
We appreciate The Director of The Institute of Oriental Studies Meruert Abuseitova for her help.

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